News and Resources

PASADENA, Sept. 15, 2020—Today, Dr. Erika Endrijonas, superintendent/president of Pasadena City College, offered the following statement:

“We learned over the weekend that KPCC reporter Josie Huang was injured and arrested by Los Angeles County Sheriff’s deputies while she was performing her duties as a credentialed member of the media.

“This violence against our community is shocking to everyone at the Pasadena Area Community College District on at least two different levels. First, in our capacity as the Federal Communications Commission licensee for KPCC-FM, we are angered that one of our partner reporters was treated with such disregard by law enforcement.

“We hope Josie is not seriously harmed from the encounter and will recover completely to continue her important work. We applaud L.A. County Inspector General Max Huntsman for swiftly initiating an investigation and call on his office to complete a thorough and fearless review of the Sheriff’s actions in this case.

“More fundamentally, the right of a free press to collect and disseminate information for the public is a core belief of our American identity. The students, faculty, and staff at Pasadena City College strive to honor the ideals set forth in the Constitution.

“We condemn all actions that run contrary to those freedoms, and stand strong with journalists and all others who inform our community.”

  • Tammy Silver

Public Health Update from Pasadena City College Student Health Services

COVID-19 Update 8-05-2020

Below are the most recent Coronavirus updates.

Faster, Cheaper Testing

We know that PCR testing has been the diagnostic test of choice and we know that nasopharyngeal specimens have been the specimen of choice. We know that the limit of detection (which translates to sensitivity) of PCR tests can vary a lot. We have known for months that people do not like the collection process for nasopharyngeal specimens. We continue to be painfully aware of the challenge of keeping up with the supply of swabs, reagents and PPE for collecting and running these tests and the overall cost of PCR testing. And everybody knows that days spent waiting for results invariably results in increased transmission unless people are willing and able to fully isolate.

      Columbia University is working on a saliva-based test that can produce results in 30 minutes that has a sensitivity and specificity comparable to good PCR tests using a modification of the loop-mediated isothermal amplification process (LAMP) that doesn’t require special equipment. A test like this could be inexpensive enough to do every day to identify people (many of them asymptomatic) who need to isolate. Let’s hope it moves from pre-print to reality soon.

Children and COVID

      There is some preliminary evidence that children under 5 may have up to 100 times the viral load of adults. It was only a small study and detecting virus by PCR is not the same as proving that it can infect others (something this study was not designed to address) but along with the South Korea study documenting transmission in children, it will move the needle of opinion about COVID and children.

      In the category of better to learn from the experience of others, an overnight summer camp in Georgia opened up on 6/21/2020 with 363 campers and 261 staff. Everybody had a negative coronavirus test no more than 12 days before arriving at camp and there was enhanced cleaning, physical distancing outside of cabins, staggered use of communal spaces and staff were required to wear cloth face coverings when with campers. The campers were not required to wear masks (this was Georgia), windows and doors were not opened in buildings to increase ventilation and, as usual, the camp experience included a lot of loud singing and cheering. One teen staffer left sick on 6/23/2020 and had a positive COVID test on 6/24/2020, some campers were sent home sick by 6/24/2020 and the camp was closed on 6/27/2020. Results of COVID testing were available for only 344 out of the total of 624 campers and staff but 76% of those tests were positive.

A Peek at Colleges and Universities

The New York Times has launched an attempt to gather outbreak information from colleges and universities, something that has not been presented as separate data on county/state/federal dashboards. They have started small (public 4-year plus private 4-year schools either in Division 1 sports or a member of the Association of American Universities). They hope to expand the data base over time and include other 4-year and 2-year colleges. The data shows 6,600 COVID cases linked to U.S. colleges (before fall classes). Perhaps most disturbing is how many of the colleges contacted so far said that they were either not tracking COVID cases or declined to share aggregate, anonymized data. You can see a list of the schools that provided case information that plan to have fall classes “primarily or fully in-person” includes 7 colleges reporting 50 cases or more.

Basic Preventive Measures We All Still Need




Quick Links to Resources

  • If you have had close contact with a suspected/confirmed case of COVID-19 or are having symptoms of COVID-19

  • Check with your healthcare provider about testing

  • If you don’t have insurance, use this interactive map to find drive-up and walk-up testing sites, all by appointment -

  • If you are looking for a test because you had close contact with a suspected/confirmed case or because you have symptoms, you need to quarantine/isolate. L.A. County updated their isolation instructions on 7/27/2020 – use the link to get up-to-date instructions:

  • Short URL for home quarantine instructions webpage with multiple languages:

  • Short URL for home isolation instructions webpage with multiple languages:

Director of Health and Wellness: Quinn Tang, DHSc., PA-C

Clinic Physician: Ann Walker, MD

Click here to download the complete Coronavirus update

  • Tammy Silver

Updated: Jul 29, 2020

Public Health Update from Pasadena City College Student Health Services

COVID-19 Update 7-15-2020

Below are the most recent Coronavirus updates.

An Update on the Vaccine Race

There are 4 vaccines that have started phase 3 (efficacy) trials: the viral vector vaccine from Astra Zeneca, the killed virus vaccines from Sinopharm and Sinovac, and the “repurposed” BCG vaccine being studied by Murdoch Children’s Research Institute. Moderna is still expected to get phase 3 trials of its messenger RNA vaccine going in July.

When a Vaccine is Available, Who Gets it First?

It will take time to make enough vaccine for everybody who needs it. Normally the CDC makes recommendations about the use of a new vaccine and state/local public health decide whether to follow those recommendations. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) routinely advises the CDC regarding implementation of new vaccines. ACIP has started discussing how underlying conditions, living environments, occupational risks, ethnicity and race should be weighed in allocating the initially limited supply of vaccine. They anticipate public meetings later this summer and involving communities being considered in its deliberations.

If We Have a Vaccine, Will People Accept It?

All the talk of accelerating vaccine production along with societal wrangling over COVID-19 is likely to make many people less confident in choosing to accept a vaccine when it is available. The BIPOC (Black, Indigenous and Persons of Color) communities have experiences that support distrust of American government, society, healthcare and medical research. Dr. Phoebe Danziger, a pediatrician at University of Michigan summarizes it well in saying “sufficiently widespread vaccination will be possible only if the values and goals of a vaccine program are discussed explicitly, transparently and early, and if that discussion includes the full range of voices that have been telling us for years that trust in the American institutions and systems responsible for vaccines is broken”.

Who Will Be in those Phase 3 Trials?

The communities at increased risk of infection and death from COVID-19 will need to see their communities reflected in all phases of vaccine trials to help address the questions of safety and efficacy for their communities.

The COVID-19 Prevention Network (CoVPN) is a merger of four existing NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease) funded clinical trials networks to leverage existing infrastructure and engage communities to secure the thousands of volunteers needed for late-stage clinical trials of promising vaccines. “Centralizing our clinical research efforts into a single trials network will expand the resources and expertise needed to efficiently identify safe and effective vaccines and other prevention strategies against COVID-19” (Dr. Fauci). People interested in participating in vaccine trials can get more information at

Human challenge trials deliberately expose participants to infection, in order to study diseases and test vaccines or treatments. is recruiting volunteers for COVID vaccine challenge trials. Before you dismiss this approach, you should look at the estimate of benefits and risks presented on this web site.

Basic Preventive Measures

The fundamentals:



  • WEAR A CLOTH FACE MASK when out in public; if you physically can’t wear a mask, wear a face shield preferably with a drape along the bottom edge

  • ISOLATE if you have confirmed or suspected COVID, QUARANTINE if you have had close contact with a known or suspected COVID case

  • Let’s add CHOOSE THE OUTDOORS OR ROOMS WITH GREAT VENTILATION when with people outside of your household

  • And don’t forget to GET YOUR 2020-21 INFLUENZA VACCINE when it becomes available later this summer

Quick Links to Resources

Director of Health and Wellness: Quinn Tang, DHSc., PA-C

Clinic Physician: Ann Walker, MD

Click here to download the complete Coronavirus update